The urothelium is the epithelial lining of renal collecting ducts, calyces, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Urothelial carcinoma (UC), previously referred to as transitional cell carcinoma, is a histopathologic type of cancer that typically arises from the urothelium.
Urological tumours represent approximately 25% of all human cancers. The majority of cases presenting UC are bladder cancers (BC), whereas upper urinary tract urothelial cancer (UTUC) accounts for only 5%–10% of all urothelial malignancies.
Peppermint oil is made from the peppermint plant. It has been used for many years as a tea to calm digestion. Peppermint oil calms the smooth muscles of the stomach, intestines, and uterus and has analgesic (pain-killing) properties.
Peppermint oil is used for all the main symptoms of IBS (Irritable bowel syndrome), but it may be particularly effective at relieving cramps, spasms, and pain. Several published scientific studies are showing that peppermint oil is useful in reducing IBS symptoms.
Malignant melanoma is associated with the highest mortality rate among commonly diagnosed skin cancers.
Intense intermittent exposure to UV radiation via sunlight is the most significant risk factor.
A history of sunburns is another major factor.
Gastritis is an inflammation of the lining (mucosa) of the stomach. Gastritis can be caused by irritation due to excessive alcohol use, chronic vomiting, stress, or use of certain medications such as aspirin or other inflammatory drugs. It may also be caused by: